We are a team of aspirants & officers with hands on teaching experience aiming to create a one stop learning journey for UPSC aspirants. a) World Trade Organization (WTO) b) International Monetary Fund (IMF) c) World Economic Forum (WEF) d) Economic Cooperation Organization (ECO) See More IASbaba Today at 5:06 AM The SCO Charter entered into force on 19 September 2003. The Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) is a permanent international intergovernmental organization. The major interest is in energy co-operation. Documents adopted during the meet. In the acronym that the PM gave, called, “HEALTH”, the alphabet “T” stands for countries that stand against terrorism. Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) APEC is the premier Asia-Pacific economic forum.Primary goal is to support sustainable economic growth and prosperity in the Asia-Pacific region. India requested access to intelligence and information from SCO’s counter-terrorism body, the Tashkent- based Regional Anti-Terror Structure (RATS). It was formed in the wake of the Soviet Union’s collapse in 1991. This will help in global economic growth as the SCO countries collectively account to 1/7 the of global trade in goods and 1/8th of global trade in commercial services. This article will describe in detail the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO). A total of 22 outcome documents were signed including the Joint Communique and Appeal to Youth against radicalization. "@id": "https://civils360.com/2020/12/07/shanghai-cooperation-organisation-sco" Strengthening mutual trust and neighborliness among the member states; To promote their effective cooperation in trade, politics, research, the economy, technology, and culture. This article will describe in detail the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO). The Economic Cooperation Organization or ECO is an Asian political and economic intergovernmental organization which was founded in 1985 in Tehran by the leaders of Iran, Pakistan, and Turkey.It provides a platform to discuss ways to improve development and promote trade and investment opportunities. India also called for an international conference on terrorism, the SCO can take a lead in that. “The SCO was created as a regional organisation to tackle peace and security, to tackle the challenges of terrorism, extremism and separatism, and to promote trade and cooperation and cultural partnerships,”. The Council of Heads of States is the apex decision-making body in the SCO. Shanghai Cooperation Organisation The SCO is a political, economic and security organisation of China, Russia, Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan, Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan. The organisation pursues its internal policy based on the principles of mutual benefit, mutual trust, mutual consultations, equality, respect for cultural diversity, and a desire for common development, while the external policy is conducted under the principles of non-targeting and non-alignment. These UPSC Notes on The Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) are aligned with the UPSC Syllabus and aspirants should prepare this topic for General Studies Paper-II. Focus on Afghanistan (as a matter of fact, this is very significant), even though Afghanistan is not a member of the SCO, but India has a contact group on Afghanistan, and the Prime Minister underlined what India’s fundamental position on Afghanistan is. Countries also committed to supporting the World Trade Organisation structure. It is important to note that radicalization is an issue that bedevils the Central Asian Region in a very big way. The Bay of Bengal Initiative for Multi-Sectoral Technical and Economic Cooperation (BIMSTEC) It was formed on June 6, 1997, and on June 6, 2017, it celebrated 20 years since its formation The countries in the grouping are India, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Myanmar, Nepal, Sri Lanka, and Thailand. "@type": "WebPage", The organization has two permanent bodies — First is the Executive Committee of the Regional Anti-Terrorist Structure (RATS) based in Tashkent and second is the SCO Secretariat based in Beijing. "@type": "Article", India’s membership in the SCO will provide an opportunity for the leadership of India, including prime ministers, to meet with their counterparts from Central Asia, Russia, China, Afghanistan, and others regularly and frequently. United Nations (UN) 24th October 1945: New York City, USA: 193 members. This is the fundamental statutory document which outlines the organisation’s goals and principles, structure and core activities. SCO is Part of India’s stated policy of pursuing, With the Indian perspective, the strategic and geographical space in which the SCO straddles is extremely important. Members: It consists of 57 member states including Iran and Pakistan. The Organisation for European Economic Co-operation (OEEC) was founded to govern the predominantly US-funded Marshall Plan for post-war reconstruction on the continent. India and Pakistan … The OIC is an international organization founded in 1969. The Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) is a eight-member multilateral organization, established on 15 June 2001 in Shanghai, China by the leaders of China, UPSC Due to its unique international character, and the powers vested in its founding Charter, the Organization can take action on a wide range of issues, and provide a forum for its 193 Member States to express their views, through the General Assembly, the Security Council, the Economic and Social Council and other bodies and committees. These countries, except for Uzbekistan, had been members of the Shanghai Five group, formed on 26 April 1996 with the signing of the Treaty on Deepening Military Trust in Border", "publisher": { Aspirants can check BYJU’S UPSC Notes page for free GS1, GS2, and GS 3 notes. The ECO is an ad hoc organisation under the United … It was created in 2001. Also in his ‘HEALTH’ acronym, the alphabet ‘A’ refers to alternative energy. "dateModified": "2020-12-07" } Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) | A counter-coalition of Eurasian power Context: External Affairs Minister (EAM) S. Jaishankar’s visit to Russia to participate at the SCO foreign ministers’ meet during which India and China agreed to de-escalate the tension which was flared up along Indo-China border in recent months. ; Its decisions are influential and help to bring about reform at national and multinational levels. "headline": "Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO)", • In 1992, the Organization was expanded to include seven new members, namely: Afghanistan, Azerbaijan, The SCO, an intergovernmental body for security and economic cooperation in the Eurasian region, was formed in 2001 by the ‘Shanghai Five’ (China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Russia and Tajikistan). shanghai cooperation organisation (sco) , Why in News ? 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SCO membership will help India to be a major pan-Asian player, which is currently boxed in the South Asian Region. The Group of Twenty (G20) is the central forum for international cooperation on financial and economic issues.. cooperation syllabus (These syllabus may change from time to time. India is a member country since 9th June 2017. The SCO was formed in 2001, with Uzbekistan included. The SCO Heads of Government Council (HGC) meets once a year to discuss the organization’s multilateral cooperation strategy and priority areas, to resolve current important economic and other cooperation issues. Presently Russia is the Chair of SCO for 2019-20. The SCO is primarily centred on its member nations’ Central Asian security-related concerns, often describing the main threats it confronts as being terrorism, separatism and extremism. The Collective Security Treaty was signed by Armenia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Russia, Tajikistan, and Uzbekistan on May 15, 1992. The Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC; / eɪ p ɛ k / AY-pek) is an inter-governmental forum for 21 member economies in the Pacific Rim that promotes free trade throughout the Asia-Pacific region. “It will be the first time that a summit-level meeting will be held under India’s chairmanship, since it gained full membership of the organisation in 2017,”. ! SCO has two Permanent Bodies – (i) SCO Secretariat in Beijing and (ii) Executive Committee of the Regional Anti-Terrorist Structure (RATS) in Tashkent. 4 guest attendances. Notify me of follow-up comments by email. "@type": "ImageObject", The growing closeness of Russia and China. "@type": "", But India will also have to deal with an assertive China, which will push its Belt and Road Initiative. : Indian Prime Minister stress on “territorial integrity” in recent submit on SCO without referring Pakistan and China. All The Best!! Afghanistan and Serbia hold observer status in the CSTO. Plan of Action for SCO Treaty on Long term Good Neighbourliness, Friendship and Cooperation for 2018-2022 and Protocol on the SCO-Afghanistan Contact Group were also signed. Finally, it is important to note that the SCO provides an opportunity for the Indian leadership to connect with the leadership of the Central Asian countries. The Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) is a regional economic forum established in 1989 to leverage the growing interdependence of the Asia-Pacific. Shanghai Cooperation Organisation SCO. The Treaty came into force on April 20, 1994 for five-year period. "description": "The Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) is a eight-member multilateral organization, established on 15 June 2001 in Shanghai, China by the leaders of China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Russia, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan. Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development The OECD is an intergovernmental economic organisation, founded to stimulate economic progress and world trade. In the future, India’s development experience, particularly in promoting agriculture, small and medium enterprises, pharmaceuticals, and information technology, can be of immense benefit to Central Asian countries. The Organisation of Islamic Cooperation (OIC) (formerly Organization of the Islamic Conference) is the second largest inter-governmental organization after the United Nations which has membership of 57 states spread over four continents. }, What is Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) ?. Thereafter, the next SCO Summit in July 2015 in Ufa (Russia), declared the initiation of the process of accession of India’s (and Pakistan’s) full membership in SCO. and aspirants should prepare this topic for General Studies Paper-II. Founded: 1961. India has demonstrated its keen interest in strengthening multi-faceted relations with Central Asia through Prime Minister’s historic visit to the five Central Asian Republics in July 2015. aspirants can find more notes for UPSC Mains General Studies topics from the links given at the end of the article. India’s entry into SCO as a full member since 9 June 2017, has been further activated with the establishment of the SCO Division in MEA and appointment of National Coordinator and Permanent Representative to SCO. The Organization is the collective voice of the Muslim world and ensuring to safeguard and protect the interests of the Muslim world in … The TAPI gas pipeline is an example of a mutually beneficial project. IAS Exam aspirants can find more notes for UPSC Mains General Studies topics from the links given at the end of the article. The security, strategic, economic and geopolitical interests are also closely intertwined with developments in this area, The challenges of terrorism, radicalism, and instability pose a grave threat to Indian sovereignty and integrity. The Secretariat of the SCO is the primary executive body of the organization. "author": { Strengthening mutual trust and neighborliness among the member states; SCO is a permanent intergovernmental international organization. Read about the international organisation and also relations with India and other member states. ! This year (2019), our PM has come up with another innovative acronym called HEALTH which brings together the Indian experience in development, and India’s experience in engagement with other countries. Indian PM also specifically spoke about radicalization as well. Education, transport, energy, environmental protection, tourism, and other areas; Making joint efforts to maintain and ensure security, stability, and peace in the region; Moving towards the establishment of a democratic, rational, and fair new international economic and political order. Other documents pertained to Prevention of Narcotics Abuse, Environmental Protection, Fight against threat of Epidemics, Trade Facilitation, MSMEs, Customs and Tourism. Please check with the relevant Public Service Commission websites for any changes in the syllabus) The Council of Heads of Governments is the second- highest council in the organization. Aim : to create greater prosperity for the people of the region by promoting balanced, inclusive, sustainable, innovative and secure growth and by accelerating regional economic integration. Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) - UPSC Current Affairs Insight. The joint communiqué issued at the end of the meeting that focused on trade and economic issues, committed to: Cooperation on the prevention and control of infectious and non-infectious diseases, It expanded in 2017 to include India and Pakistan. HOME . We believe Discipline, Dedication and Consistency are the secrets to Success. It is regional economic forum of 21 Pacific Rim member economies that promotes free trade throughout the Asia-Pacific region. The position of Dialogue Partner was established in 2008 in accordance with Article 14 of the SCO Charter of 7 June 2002. The original Shanghai Five were China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Russia and Tajikistan. Prime Minister also touched upon regional cooperation and spoke about how India is willing to share its expertise in all these areas. The Chairmanship of SCO is by rotation for a year by Member States. "mainEntityOfPage": { Following the success of ASEAN's series of post-ministerial conferences launched in the mid-1980s, APEC started in 1989, in response to the growing interdependence of Asia-Pacific … }, The official working languages of the Shanghai Cooperation organization are Chinese and Russian. The exercise involved tactical level operations in an international counter insurgency or counter terrorism environment under the SCO Charter. ACMECS is a cooperation framework among Cambodia, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Myanmar, Thailand, and Viet Nam to utilize member countries’ diverse strengths and to promote balanced development in the subregion. After the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991, the then security and economic architecture in the Eurasian region dissolved and new structures had to come up. A stable Afghanistan too is in India’s interest, and RATS provides access to non-Pakistan-centred counter-terrorism information. The Shanghai Cooperation Organisation, also known as the Shanghai Pact, is a Eurasian political, economic, and military organisation which was founded in 2001 in Shanghai. Register ; Whats New (Hourly Updated) UPSC Exam Calendar 2021 India’s participation in the Eurasian Economic Union (EEU) will be an added advantage to make this partnership more fruitful. One reason is simply that India does not share common land-borders with the region, but another factor has been the infrequent visits at the highest level between India and Central Asian states. 2 observers "url": "https://civils360.com/wp-content/uploads/2020/07/banner-logo.png" It provides a platform to discuss ways to improve development and promote trade, and investment opportunities. The historical meeting of the Heads of State Council of the SCO held in June 2017 in Astana, the status of a full member of the Organization was granted to the Republic of India and the Islamic Republic of Pakistan in this meeting. It’s a Eurasian political, economic, and military organization aiming to maintain peace, security, and stability in the region. Prime Minister Thaksin Shinawatra of Thailand initiated the establishment of this cooperation framework in April 2003. "name": "civils360" The Shanghai Cooperation Organisation Charter was signed during the St.Petersburg SCO Heads of State meeting in June 2002. "image": "https://civils360.com/wp-content/uploads/2020/12/sco.jpg", These are topics that frequently find mention in the newspapers and is hence, relevant for the IAS Mains. }, The Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) is a eight-member multilateral organization, established on 15 June 2001 in Shanghai, China by the leaders of China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Russia, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan. Topic: Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests. Our goal is to shape policies that foster prosperity, equality, opportunity and well-being for all. The Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) (UPSC Notes – GS 2):-Download PDF Here. With the landlocked states of Central Asia, and Uzbekistan even doubly landlocked, accessing these resources becomes difficult. This Council meets at the SCO summits, which are held each year in one of the member states’ capital cities. We are a team of aspirants & officers with hands on teaching experience aiming to create a one stop learning journey for UPSC aspirants. The MOO outlined various obligations to be fulfilled by India in a sequential step-by-step and time bound manner to obtain full membership. What is (SCO) shanghai cooperation organization UPSC? India formally submitted an application for the full membership to the then SCO Chair, Tajikistan, prior to the SCO Summit in Dushanbe in September 2014. "@context": "https://schema.org", Enhancing ties in education, energy, transport, tourism, environmental protection, etc. The creation of the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation was announced in June 2001 in Shanghai (China) by the Republic of Kazakhstan, the People’s Republic of China, the Kyrgyz Republic, the Republic of Uzbekistan, The Russian Federation,  and the Republic of Tajikistan. It is here that he speaks about India’s experience in terms of focusing on renewable energy. The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) is an international organisation that works to build better policies for better lives. India was granted Observer status at the July 2005 Astana Summit, and subsequently participated in all SCO forums open to Observers. "name": "civils360 ias", Founding members: China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Russia, Tajikistan, and Uzbekistan. promoting economic, technical and cultural cooperation among the Member States. { Maintain and ensure peace, security and stability in the region. These UPSC Notes on The Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) are aligned with the UPSC Syllabus and aspirants should prepare this topic for General Studies Paper-II.. Read about the international organisation and also relations with India and other member states. In 1993, Azerbaijan, Belarus and Georgia joined the Treaty. }, This was the first time India participated in the SCO military exercises since becoming a full member of the SCO in June 2017. The ECO intergovernmental machinery and institutional arrangements, as one of the most prominent regional economic groups in the world, are vividly interacting with the emerging and trending global issues, particularly the UN-sponsored global agendas. 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