Stirred by her "ability to think morally [and] express herself poetically," Hayden soon followed her into the left-wing grouping. : 1–2. Senator John V. Tunney. Events Leading up the 1968 Convention Riots. Hayden even personally delivered one to the Kennedy White House. The Passing of a Legend: This is Kirsten, Rennie's wife. Regardless of the bleak prospects ahead, Hayden continued to fight for what he thought was right — and even joined the system he’d battled all along to create change from within. In 1967 he joined SDS leader Tom Hayden and traveled to an international conference of student radicals in Bratislava, Czechoslovakia. Writing about Hayden's role in the 1960s New Left, Nicholas Lemann, national correspondent for The Atlantic, said that "Tom Hayden changed America", calling him "father to the largest mass protests in American history", and Richard N. Goodwin, who was a speechwriter for presidents Lyndon B. Johnson and John F. Kennedy, said that Hayden, "without even knowing it, inspired the Great Society. The group planned the October 8–11 event as a "National Action" built around John Jacobs' slogan "bring the war home", which grew out of a resolution drafted by Jacobs and introduced at the October 1968 … Protesters clash with the National Guard during the August 1968 riots at the Democratic National Convention. Tom Hayden, in full Thomas Emmet Hayden, (born December 11, 1939, Royal Oak, Michigan, U.S.—died October 23, 2016, Santa Monica, California), American activist and author. While Aaron Sorkin’s upcoming Netflix movie The Trial of the Chicago 7 hopes to deliver a breathtaking courtroom drama, the true story of the Chicago Seven and its role in Tom Hayden’s life is even more inspiring. The result of this tour of North Vietnam, at a high point in the war, was a book titled The Other Side. “The effect of this ‘anti-riot’ act is to subvert the first Amendmentguarantee of free assembly by equating organized political protest with organized violence,” it read. The fee has been established at several dozen colleges, and it may be used "to provide support for governmental affairs representatives of local or statewide student body organizations who may be stating their positions and viewpoints before city, county, and district governments, and before offices and agencies of state government". Then, learn about the history of hippies. During 2001, he unsuccessfully sought election to the Los Angeles City Council. August 1968. [21] Six months after the convention, he and seven other protesters including Rennie Davis, "The Politics of 'The Movement'", in Irving Howe (ed.). They were sentenced to five years in prison and fined $5,000. Of course, being a Freedom Rider wasn’t easy. He was married to actress and social activist Jane Fonda for 17 years, and was the father of actor Troy Garity. Godfrey Hodgson (October 27, 2016). In the same year, while the Vietnam War was still ongoing, the documentary film Introduction to the Enemy, a collaboration by Fonda, Hayden, Haskell Wexler and others, was released. Early Life & Education. However, none of them were found guilty of conspiracy. At the end of his life he was the director of the Peace and Justice Resource Center in Los Angeles County. The manifesto sold for 25 cents apiece with 60,000 copies distributed. The demonstrations were broken up by what was later called by the U.S. National Commission on the Causes and Prevention of Violence "a police riot". [34] Hayden served as a member of the advisory board for the Progressive Democrats of America, an organization created to increase progressive political cooperation and influence within the Democratic Party. [38] Though he originally leaned towards Bernie Sanders in the 2016 Democratic Presidential Primary, Hayden later announced he would support Hillary Clinton and cast his vote for her when the primary reached California. 2, pp. ... Abbie Hoffman, and Tom Hayden. Tom Hayden with his then-wife, Jane Fonda, and their son, Troy, Santa Monica, California. Tom Hayden however worried that there would be mass arrests and a further escalation in violence, he urged protesters to disperse to the streets in small groups and try to make their way back to the Hilton Hotel. Hayden was known for being a passionate writer in his teens — as well as a very mischievous one. Chicago 1968: glimpses of when the Democrats met amid a summer of unrest ... Tom Hayden and John Froines get lunch during the trial in 1970. To the authorities’ chagrin, the trial only made the defendants more popular among their supporters. Hayden then attended the University of Michigan, where he was editor of the Michigan Daily. By the time he was a senior, he was an editor of the college paper — and he had what he called a “summer of transformation.”. Despite iconic witnesses on their side, Hoffman, Rubin, Dellinger, Davis, and Hayden were all found guilty of crossing state lines with the intention of starting a riot. Hayden lived in Los Angeles from 1971[43] and was married to his third wife, Barbara Williams, at the time of his death. Hayden taught numerous courses on social movements, two at Scripps College—one on the Long War and one on gangs in America—and a course called "From the '60s to the Obama Generation" at Pitzer College. A federal appeals court overturned the convictions, citing errors by U.S. District Judge Julius Hoffman. With twenty-five years experience in Chicago and across the country, Alinsky was considered the father of community organizing. Rennie Davis, one of the “Chicago Seven” activists put on trial for organizing an anti-Vietnam War protest outside the 1968 Democratic Convention, died Tuesday. At the National Student Association convention in Minneapolis in August 1960, Hayden witnessed a dramatic intervention by Sandra Cason. ‘The Radical Inside The System’: The Story Of Chicago 7 Activist-Turned-Senator Tom Hayden. The 1968 riots in Chicago led by SDS radicals could be repeated this year. Tom Hayden and his ex-wife Jane Fonda at the Los Angeles premiere of, Eddie Redmayne as Tom Hayden in the upcoming Netflix film, died from complications related to a stroke. Tom Hayden devoted his life to progressive ideals that the American establishment deemed radical in the 1960s. An anti-Vietnam War protest had long been planned, but things soon spiralled out of control. Hayden in 1976, the year he ran against California Senator John V. Tunney. The Chicago 7 were a group of defendants accused of conspiracy and inciting to riot – alongside other charges linked to the anti-Vietnam War and countercultural protests in 1968. “In view of the fact that Hayden is an effective speaker who appeals to intellectual groups and has also worked with and supported the Negro people in their program in Newark," agents recommended that he "be placed on the Rabble Rouser Index.”[16], Hayden was later to suggest that if ERAP across the country had failed to build to greater success (the promised "interracial movement of the poor") it was because of the escalating U.S. commitment in Vietnam: "Once again the government met an internal crisis by starting an external crisis. Antiwar activist Tom Hayden listens to student leaders in 1980. December 1 1968 … The Law of the Press was one of the courses he taught. And none of them would serve time — since a Court of Appeal overturned the criminal convictions in 1972 due to the judge’s procedural errors as well as his overt hostility to the defendants. Hayden ignored the State Department’s travel prohibitions in order to witness Vietnam’s destruction firsthand, becoming one of the first Americans to visit wartime Hanoi in 1965. Marco Margaritoff is a Staff Writer at All That's Interesting. Firmly politically engaged by 1960, Tom Hayden managed to snag an interview with Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. amidst the masses outside the Democratic National Convention in Los Angeles. [36] In that same year, he helped initiate Progressives for Obama (now called Progressive America Rising), a group of political progressives that provided assistance for Obama in his initial presidential campaign. But in American culture, he remained an enduring symbol of a time when young people took history into their own hands. The group played a big role in protesting the war outside of Chicago's DNC that year, protests that were broken up by what the U.S. National Commission on the Causes and Prevention of Violence called "a police riot," according to the New York Times. "Tom Hayden obituary. To Hayden, the three-day Democratic National Convention seemed like an ideal opportunity to “lance the tumor that Vietnam was in our lives.” Hundreds of activist organizations had met in the previous months to properly mobilize for the convention held from Aug. 26 to Aug. 29, 1968. With Hayden’s SDS proving integral to the mobilized masses, authorities saw him as partially responsible for the events that had unfolded. [12] By the end of 1964 ERAP had ten inner-city projects engaging 125 student volunteers. These meetings would later have serious consequences. The guilty verdicts were overturned on appeal. He was 80. The defendants were charged under provisions of the Civil Rights Act of 1968, which made it a federal crime to cross state lines to incite a riot. Comprising the original Chicago Eight figureheads were Abbie Hoffman, Jerry Rubin, David Dellinger, Rennie Davis, John Froines, Lee Weiner, Hayden, and Bobby Seale. And it was at the University of Michigan where he truly found his purpose. Plot. [35] He served on the advisory board of the Levantine Cultural Center, a nonprofit organization founded in Los Angeles in 2001 that champions cultural literacy about the Middle East and North Africa. However, Hayden had failed to positively sway the elections. Hayden was best known for his role as an anti-war and civil rights activist in the 1960s, authoring the Port Huron Statement and standing trial in the Chicago Seven case. "[27] Staughton Lynd, though, was critical of the Port Huron and New Left concept of "participatory democracy", stating: "We must recognize that when an organization grows to a certain size, consensus decision-making is no longer possible, and some form of representative government becomes necessary. Three months before the Chicago Eight trial began, a group of prominent writers and thinkers published a letter to the editors of The New York Review of Booksarguing that the anti-riot law set a dangerous precedent. And hundreds of protesters were arrested, with estimates ranging from 589 to over 650. Josh Zeitz, "Remembering Tom Hayden 1939–2016. By then, the pair had already been through a major controversy together, after Fonda visited Vietnam in 1972 and was photographed on a North Vietnamese anti-aircraft gun. Prohibited from attending his own 1957 graduation, Hayden simply picked up his diploma and left high school behind, ready for college. However, the last man, Seale, was eventually removed from the proceedings, which dropped the total number of defendants to seven. Bettmann/Getty ImagesHayden addresses reporters in Chicago’s Dirksen Federal Building. Students for a Democratic SocietyThe manifesto sold for 25 cents apiece with 60,000 copies distributed. Tom Hayden remembers the first time he tried to enter the Conrad Hilton Hotel on Chicago's Michigan Avenue.. In early 1968, the National Mobilization Committee opened a Chicago office directed by Rennie Davis and Tom Hayden, who were leading political organizers at the time and former leaders of Students for a Democratic Society. Hayden was best known for his role as an anti-war and civil rights activist in the 1960s, authoring the Port Huron Statement and standing trial in the Chicago Seven case. August 1968. On December 10, 1961, the Haydens participated in one of the many “freedom rides” taking place in response to the 1960 Boynton v. Virginia decision. denied, 410 U.S. 970, 93 S.Ct. [1], Hayden attended Dondero High School in Royal Oak, Michigan. Refined and adopted at the first Students for Democratic Society (SDS) convention in June 1962, the Port Huron Statement called for a "new left" committed, in the spirit of participatory democracy, to "deliberativeness, honesty [and] reflection. Godfrey Hodgson (2016). As part of the Chicago Seven, he was charged with conspiracy to incite a riot while crossing state lines at the 1968 Democratic National Convention. [11] SDS community organizers would help draw white neighbourhoods into an "interacial movement of the poor". The Chicago Seven (originally Chicago Eight, also Conspiracy Eight/Conspiracy Seven) were seven defendants - Abbie Hoffman, Jerry Rubin, David Dellinger, Tom Hayden, Rennie Davis, John Froines, and Lee Weiner - charged with conspiracy, inciting to riot, and other charges related to countercultural protests that took place in Chicago, Illinois on the occasion of the 1968 … The Chicago Seven (originally eight) were political radicals accused of conspiring to incite the riots that occurred at the 1968 Democratic National Convention in Chicago. Rioting and looting followed, with people flooding out onto the streets of major cities. As the SDS became an influential entity of the New Left movement, Hayden became one of the most prominent spokesmen of his generation. It called for equal opportunity for all — and denounced the hypocrisies in the political system. In 1970, the seven defendants were acquitted of conspiracy, but Davis and four others -- Abbie Hoffman, Jerry Rubin, David Dellinger and Hayden -- were convicted of inciting a riot and sentenced to five years in prison. 1968 Chicago Riot Left Mark On Political Protests Democrats are gathering for their national convention in Denver with the party divided and the country mired in an unpopular war. Indiana cop fired for neo-Nazi internet forum ties. [citation needed], In 2016, Hayden ran to be one of California's representatives to the Democratic National Committee. In 1968, Tom joined "the Mobe," which stands for the National Mobilization Committee to End the War in Vietnam. The opening lines read, “We are people of this generation, bred in at least modest comfort, housed now in universities, looking uncomfortably to the world we inherit.”. AP PhotoAntiwar activist Tom Hayden listens to student leaders in 1980. Fifteen years ago, Aaron Sorkin began laying the groundwork for a film based on one of the most compelling legal showdowns of the late 1960s. Oct. 2, 1969. Hayden in the thick of protests during the Democratic National Convention. [39] He also claimed that he never endorsed Sanders and only supported his campaign with the hopes that it would push Hillary towards the Left. Soon riots began, primarily in black urban areas. "[28], In 2007, Hayden made news for his speech at the wedding of his son Troy, where, as Hilton Als wrote in The New Yorker, he "said that he was especially happy about his son's union with actress Simone Bent, who is black, because, among other things, it was 'another step in a long-term goal of mine: the peaceful, non-violent disappearance of the white race. Hayden taught a class in political science at the University of Southern California during the 1977–78 school year. [1] Hayden attended a Catholic elementary school, where he read out loud to nuns and "learned to fear hell. A federal appeals court overturned the convictions, citing … ", McDowell, Manfred (2013), "A Step into America: The New Left Organizes the Neighborhood," New Politics Vol. One of the preeminent activists of the 1960s, Hayden helped found Students for a Democratic Society (SDS) and was arrested as one of the Chicago Seven indicted for conspiracy to incite the riots that accompanied the 1968 … Hoping their protests would urge the convention to nominate a candidate who was antiwar, the groups demonstrated outside the International Amphitheater in Chicago. [10], Convinced, in the words of the Statement, that students must "look outwards to the less exotic but more lasting struggles for justice," and with $5000 from United Automobile Workers, Hayden's first SDS initiative was the Economic Research and Action Project (ERAP). "[3], Hayden grew up attending a church led by Charles Coughlin, a Catholic priest noted for his anti-Semitic teachings, and who was also known nationally during the time of The Great Depression as the "radio priest". The government did not re-try the case, and thereafter elected to dismiss the substantive charges. As the editor of his high school paper, he used his farewell column to write, “Go to hell,” by using the first letter of each successive paragraph to do so. "[7] The sponsoring League for Industrial Democracy (LID) took immediate issue. [30] Starting far behind, Hayden mounted a spirited campaign and finished a surprisingly close second in the Democratic primary. Robin Platzer/IMAGES/Getty ImagesTom Hayden and his ex-wife Jane Fonda at the Los Angeles premiere of The China Syndrome in 1979. [39], In his tribute to Hayden following his death, former US President Bill Clinton stated: "Hillary and I knew him for more than thirty years and valued both his words of support and his criticism. MOBE was an umbrella organization that included groups who were opposed to American participation in the Vietnam War. In a discussion about the book with Theodore Hamm published in the Brooklyn Rail, Hayden argues, "The apparatus of occupation is never going to turn into a peacekeeping economic development agency. October 27. The primary cause of the demonstrations and the subsequent riots during the 1968 Chicago convention was opposition to the Vietnam War. 1443, 35 L.Ed.2d 706 (1973). "[40], The Guardian alleged that Hayden insisted to the end that he remained a radical. The riot in question took place outside the 1968 Democratic National Convention — and it happened during an incredibly tense time in American history. We insist the term has lost all the specific content it once had. Here, we explore the true story that inspired Aaron Sorkin's 'The Trial of the Chicago 7,' which happened after the protests and riots at the 1968 Democratic National Convention. The Days of Rage demonstrations were a series of violent actions taken over a course of three days in October 1969 in Chicago, organized by the Weatherman faction of the counterculture-era group Students for a Democratic Society. He ultimately held on to that seat for eight years. Undeterred at having been beaten senseless by a white mob in McComb, Mississippi while covering the Freedom Rides for the National Student News,[6] Hayden himself became a Freedom Rider. With the 1968 Democratic National Convention looming ahead and with ending the war being his top priority, Hayden headed to Chicago — and walked straight into American history. Though all were charged with conspiracy to incite a riot, Seale was later tried separately — with the rest thus dubbed the Chicago Seven. “Potentially, t… 1972), cert. Although The Statement did express regret at the "perversion of the older left by Stalinism," it omitted the LID's standard denunciation of communism. Hayden's 1960s were a decade of dissent marked by civil rights sit-ins, anti-war marches, the Chicago riots and scenes of kids being tear-gassed and clubbed on American campuses. I now want to turn to a clip featuring Tom Hayden, yep, another member of the Chicago 7 and 8, produced by The Nation and features Hayden both speaking during the ’68 DNC protests, also decades later. Co-defendants John Froines and Lee Weiner were acquitted, the AP reported. Davis and four co-defendants — Tom Hayden, Jerry Rubin, Abbie Hoffman and David Dellinger — were convicted of conspiracy to incite a riot during the Chicago Seven trial in 1969 and 1970. Thomas Emmet Hayden was born in Royal Oak, Michigan,[1] to parents of Irish ancestry, Genevieve Isabelle (née Garity) and John Francis Hayden. The Trial of the Chicago 7 revisits the circus-like legal proceedings that pitted anti-war activists including Abbie Hoffman (Sacha Baron Cohen), Tom Hayden (Eddie Redmayne), Black Panther Bobby Seale (Yahya Abdul-Mateen II), and lawyer Bill Kunstler (Mark Ryland) against a hard-nosed judge (Frank Langella) over charges that they conspired to incite violent riots at the 1968 Democratic Convention. Communist Party USA and African Americans, World Socialist Party of the United States, Democratic Socialist Organizing Committee, Individualist anarchism in the United States, Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee, National Mobilization Committee to End the War in Vietnam, U.S. National Commission on the Causes and Prevention of Violence, Student Senate for California Community Colleges, "Tom Hayden, preeminent 1960s political radical and antiwar protester, dies at 76", "Casey Hayden: Gender and the Origins of SNCC, SDS, and the Women's Liberation Movement", http://www2.iath.virginia.edu/sixties/HTML_docs/Resources/Primary/Manifestos/SDS_Port_Huron.html, https://womhist.alexanderstreet.com/SNCC/doc86A.htm, https://www.theguardian.com/us-news/2016/oct/27/tom-hayden-obituary, https://www.latimes.com/local/obituaries/la-me-tom-hayden-snap-story.html, "New Force on the Left: Tom Hayden and the Campaign Against Corporate America", "From Here to There: The Staughton Lynd Reader", "U.S. Study scores Chicago violence as "a police riot, "The Truth About My Trip To Hanoi - Jane Fonda", "Introduction to the Enemy (1974) Film: Vietnam Lesson:'Introduction to Enemy' From Jane Fonda", "Indochina Peace Campaign, Boston Office : Records, 1972-1975 | Joseph P. Healey Library", "IPC Films Production Company – filmography", "How the late Tom Hayden went from a fiery activist to a progressive lawmaker", "An Endorsement of the Movement Barack Obama Leads", "Progressive America Rising: Progressives For Obama", "Democratic National Committee Candidate List (Unofficial)", "With Great Respect for Tom Hayden, I Gotta Say: His Support for Hillary Clinton Makes Less and Less Sense the More He Tries to Explain It | HuffPost", "Statement from President Clinton and Secretary Clinton on the Passing of Tom Hayden", http://america.aljazeera.com/articles/2014/9/18/tom-hayden-archivesuniversitymichigan.html, "Bring on the Iraq Syndrome: Tom Hayden in conversation with Theodore Hamm", "Tom Hayden, Civil Rights and Antiwar Activist Turned Lawmaker, Dies at 76", "Tom Hayden, 1960s radical who became champion of liberal causes, dies at 76", https://www.findagrave.com/memorial/171745800/tom-hayden, http://www.santamonicanext.org/2017/03/eternal-meadow-at-santa-monicas-woodlawn-cemetery-offers-greener-burial-options/, 1968 Democratic National Convention protests, William Kunstler: Disturbing the Universe, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Tom_Hayden&oldid=1006260855, Activists for African-American civil rights, Burials at Woodlawn Memorial Cemetery, Santa Monica, Members of Students for a Democratic Society (1960 organization), CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown, Short description is different from Wikidata, All articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases, Articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases from February 2017, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2016, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz identifiers, Wikipedia articles with PLWABN identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Rioters and police in Chicago - … He was there to witness the 1967 Newark Riots which, in Rebellion in Newark (1967), he tried to place in a larger social and economic context. Now that "The Trial of the Chicago 7" finally has been released, the writer and director told a National Press Club Headliners Virtual Newsmaker audience, it is unsettling to note parallels between what was happening in 1968 … [8], Tom Hayden was elected SDS president for the 1962–1963 academic year, but his wife Sandra Cason "Casey" Hayden left Ann Arbor, and left him, heeding the call to return to the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC) in Atlanta. Thomas Emmet Hayden (December 11, 1939 – October 23, 2016) was an American social and political activist, author, and politician. His involvement in the Chicago riots was centered around his intention to cross state lines to riot at the 1968 Democratic Convention in the wake of the Reverand Martin Luther King Jr.s assassination. 133–141. 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