Index; Live Quotes; Trade History; My Account; Portfolio Malacca trade quickly declined after the Dutch conquest. The Strait of Malacca was the shortest path between China and India, and thus was a frequently used trade route. I designed some internet sites including the www.colonialvoyage.com site dedicated to the history of geographical exploration and colonialism. The Rise of Malacca One of the most important highways of trade in the pre-modern world was the Strait of Malacca. If the Strait of Malacca were blocked, nearly half of the world's shipping fleet would be required to reroute around the Indonesian archipelago, such as through the Lombok Strait between the Indonesian islands of Bali and Lombok or through the Sunda Strait between the Indonesian islands of Java and Sumatra. The Rise of Malacca. Subscribe to feeds for updates on EIA products including Today in Energy and What's New. The Malaccan sultanate, and the city it centered on, was founded in around 1400 by Iskandar Shah, fleeing the destruction of Singapore by Majapahit forces. Crude oil, gasoline, heating oil, diesel, propane, and other liquids including biofuels and natural gas liquids. A detailed historical research. It is the oldest still functioning Christian church in Malaysia. List of Dutch colonial forts and possessions, Arabia and Persian Gulf. Bibliography of Dutch Colonial History 17th-18th century, Asia. In 1710 the St. Peter’s Church is built. In 1660 even the factory established at Ujung Salang was abandoned. Unfortunately, the fame of Malacca arrived at just the moment when Europe began to extend its power into the East, and Malacca was one of the very first cities to attract its covetous eye. All rights reserved. The rise of Malacca was the monsoon winds that enabled Arabian and Indian traders from the west to travel to China in the east and vice versa. In 1824 the Anglo-Dutch Treaty or the Treaty of London was signed between the Dutch and the British. Then in 1786 a British base was established in Penang. However, to the contrary, the VOC wanted the monopoly for all goods. – Hayes Hoyt, Sarnia “Old Malacca” xii, 84 pages, 16 pp. During the 16th century Malacca developed into the most important trading port in Southeast Asia. Maps by energy source and topic, includes forecast maps. Because of the city’s long and varied past, there are as many different ways to spell Malacca, you will see most commonly Malacca and Melaka. Malacca was too important for the VOC strategies, as the city was situated on the main trade route to the Far East (Spices islands, China and Japan) and was a formidable strategic outpost. I have published some writings on the history of geographical exploration and colonialism, particularly on the spice islands, the Moluccas. This web site was first on line on 3 October 1998 (at geocities.com as "Dutch Portuguese Colonial History"). The history of the Sultanate of Malacca every year (1402-1528). Between 1753 and 1760 the Christ Church in Malacca was built. Malacca trade was flourishing, but a new sea power appeared on the scene: the British. Dutch Colonial Remains 16th-18th centuries, America. In 1722 the Bugis captured the port of Riau and the whole Kingdom of Johore. One of the most important highways of trade in the pre-modern world was the Strait of Malacca. Straits Settlements, former British crown colony on the Strait of Malacca, comprising four trade centres, Penang, Singapore, Malacca, and Labuan, established or taken over by the British East India Company.The British settlement at Penang was founded in 1786, at Singapore in 1819; Malacca, occupied by the British during the Napoleonic Wars, was transferred to the East India Company in 1824. As well as many other travel sites in different languages. List of Dutch colonial forts and possessions, Central America. Ships have passed through it for centuries, and trading posts grew up from an early stage, which simultaneously became centres of education, science and art. Kunlun or Malay sailors were known in China by the third century BC, and there is evidence that had begun to settle along East African coast by the first century CE. In those years it was rumored that the Dutch might leave the city. Finally I am passionate about astronomy. | Contact: The forts of the Saint-Martin island: Fort Amsterdam and Fort Louis, St Thomas Fort, Tangasseri or Thangassery, Kerala, India, Sri Lanka Burgher Family Genealogy: Andree/Abernethy, The Forts of the Spice Islands of Indonesia, Today, The Dutch West India Company. The strength of Johore was seen as a safeguard to the peaceful trade on the Straits. According to the International Maritime Bureau's Piracy Reporting Centre, piracy, including attempted theft and hijackings, is a threat to tankers in the Strait of Malacca. Unpublished Ph.D Thesis, Cornell University, 1971, – Arasaratnam, S. “Dutch commercial policy and interests in the Malay peninsula, 1750-1795” In: “An Expanding World” Vol. After the Dutch conquest of the Sultanate of Makassar several groups of Bugis emigrated from Makassar (Sulawesi) and settled near Malacca in the 1710s. On the 1st of January 1758 this fort was the site where the treaty between the Bugis and the Dutch was signed. Dutch Colonial Remains 16th-18th centuries, Oceania. Forgot Pasword/Pin? Includes hydropower, solar, wind, geothermal, biomass and ethanol. – Andaya, Leonard Yuzon “The Kingdom of Johore 1641-1728: a study of economic and political developments on the Straits of Malacca” 458 pp. – Andaya, Barbarba Watson “Melaka under the Dutch 1641-1795”, in: “Melaka – The Transformation of a Malay Capital ca. The VOC maintained the alliance with Johore despite the discontent of Malacca. For this reason a Dutch outpost was established from 1670 to 1690 at Teluk Gedung on pulau Pangkor. In fact, the earliest written records of the country made reference to the Malacca Peninsula, instead of the Malay Peninsula or … Early traders from Arabia, Africa, Persia, and the Southern Indian kingdoms reached Kedah before arriving at Guangzhou. From the 1750s they traded tin with Riau and in 1781 they occupied the Dutch outpost Perak. Their leader Daeng Kamboja made Linggi his base and from October 1756 till July 1757 besieged Dutch Malacca. Histoire générale des voyages, Paris, Didot, 1750. This fort was reoccupied by the Dutch in 1746 and later the same year the fort was moved upstream to Tanjung Putus. They include Indians, Arabs, Persians, and other Europeans. Sultanate of Malacca, (1403?–1511), Malay dynasty that ruled the great entrepôt of Malacca (Melaka) and its dependencies and provided Malay history with its golden age, still evoked in idiom and institutions. Exactly 508 years ago a thriving city on the western coast of the Malay Peninsula became the axis upon which history spun toward a new direction. Energy & Financial Markets: What Drives Crude Oil Prices? Malacca rose from a humble fishing village to become a major center of the spice trade forming a vital link between the East and the West. In the year 1509 the first Portuguese trading expedition, commanded by Diego Lopez de Sequiera , … Nearly one-third of the 61% of total global petroleum and other liquids production that moved on maritime routes in 2015 transited the Strait of Malacca, the second-largest oil trade chokepoint in the world after the Strait of Hormuz.Petroleum and other liquids transiting the Strait of Malacca increased for the fourth time in the past five years in 2016, reaching 16 million barrels per day (b/d). Malacca is famous for its unique history and is one of the major tourist destinations in Malaysia. 20 A very interesting paper with various information on the numerical and ethnical composition of Dutch Malacca. Marco Ramerini: Contact: e-mail voyage@colonialvoyage.com, Web site dedicated to Arnold van Wickeren, Dutch Malacca (1750), Malaysia. The founder and first ruler of Malacca, Paramesvara (d. 1424, Malacca), a Sumatran prince who had fled his native Palembang under Javanese attack, established himself briefly in Tumasik (now … Bibliography of Dutch Colonial History 17th-18th century, Africa. The Strait of Malacca. In the 1720s a new power appeared on the scene: the Bugis. international, liquid fuels, crude oil, oil/petroleum, petroleum products, daily, chokepoints, Have a question, comment, or suggestion for a future article? English text revision by Dietrich Köster. List of Dutch colonial forts and possessions, Indonesia. The trade at Siak was vital for Malacca and for the Malacca Freeburghers community, a community of Dutch and Portuguese descendants intermarried with the local people. – Sta Maria, Joseph “Undi nos by di aki? Bibliography of Dutch Colonial History 17th-18th century, Indonesia. U.S. In 1710 St. Peter’s Church is built. On 9 April 1825 the Dutch ceded Malacca. The Strait of Malacca became an important maritime trade route between India and China. The Strait of Malacca is the primary chokepoint in Asia, and in recent years, between 85% and 90% of annual total petroleum flows through this chokepoint were crude oil. Tin that was transported from Linggi, Rembau and Kelang Selan. Southeast Asia scholars see the founding of Sultanate Melaka as port and polity in 1402/03 facilitating a centralization of trade after the vacuum created by the polycentric Srivijaya empire’s decline which had fragmented the related Bay of Bengal world between 1300 and 1400. It was in the fourteenth century that the fishing village of Melaka gained the attention a Hindu prince named Parameswara from Sumatra. EIA's free and open data available as API, Excel add-in, bulk files, and widgets. Regional energy information including dashboards, maps, data, and analyses. International energy information, including overviews, rankings, data, and analyses. The Bugis developed not only the port of Riau but also that of Selangor (north of Malacca). State energy information, including overviews, rankings, data, and analyses. Bibliography of Dutch Colonial History 17th-18th century, Asia Far East: China, Taiwan (Formosa), Japan. “The siege and capture of Malacca from the Portuguese in 1640-1641” JMBRAS vol, 14, pt. A counter visit to China in 1411 But this was not the Dutch aim. In the 1700s Johore was a powerful force on the Straits. Yet in the summer of 1511 a small fleet of Portuguese carracks blockaded its port and effected a siege. The biggest importers of LNG in the region are Japan and South Korea. Index: The Dutch conquest and its aftermath, the crisis with Johor 1700-1718, the Dutch company and the Bugis opting for neutrality, Dutch alliance with Malays, neutrality revisited, neutrality abandoned: the Dutch capture of Riau, the VOC’s “forward movement” in the Straits of Malacca. The History of Trincomalee (Sri Lanka) during Portuguese and Dutch rule, Trincomalee: The first British occupation and the definitive Dutch surrender, Trincomalee: The consolidation of the Dutch presence, Trincomalee: The new Dutch occupation and the reconstruction of the Fort, Trincomalee: The Dutch conquest and the abandonment of the Fort, Trincomalee: The arrival of the Danes, the Dutch and the construction of the Portuguese Fort, The History of Trincomalee during Portuguese and Dutch rule: Introduction, The Dutch Fort of Galle in Sri Lanka (Ceylon), The Fort of Malacca: Portuguese-Dutch Fortress of Malacca (Melaka), Flor de la Mar (Flor do Mar), 1511. After the capture the Dutch set up a government. Come test out some of the products still in development and let us know what you think! In 1722 the Bugis captured the port of Riau and the whole Kingdom of Johore. www.colonialvoyage.com © Copyright 1998-2020, All Rights Reserved. 177-207 Also in: “The age of partnership, Europeans in Asia before dominion” Honolulu, 1979, pp. Then in 1786 a British base was established in Penang. A pocket history to the oldest of the cosmopolitan entrepôt city states in Malaysia, includes a series of illustrations from colonial times to the present. The capital, Malacca, was for a brief period in the 13th to 14th century one of the greatest trading cities in the world, and it is today a city of remarkable historical and cultural interest. Sign up for email subcriptions to receive messages about specific EIA products. To prevent a British occupation the Dutch attacked Riau and on 29 October 1784 the Bugis were defeated. In the 1650s a great imposing building, the Stadthuys, is built by the Dutch as the administrative centre and home of the Governor of Malacca. The only thing is that the article must be original and not previously published on other websites. The Bugis developed not only the port of Riau but also that of Selangor (north of Malacca). Merchants from both these regions, Arabs, Indians and Chinese regularly visited. For this reason a Dutch outpost was established in Perak, but in 1651 the garrison was killed and the outpost destroyed by the Malays. Founded by a martial prince generations prior, Malacca flourished from the trade between China and the Middle East, its location was such that the single narrow body of water… During their rule the fa… Dutch Colonial Remains 16th-18th centuries, Africa. Other ethnic groups also contributed to making Malacca a cosmopolitan port. The purpose of the fort was to collect taxes from the tin that was transported from Linggi, Rembau and Kelang Selangor. It’s one of the most historical sites in all of Malacca. It heralded the golden age of Malay sultanates in the archipelago, in which Classical Malay became the lingua franca of the Maritime Southeast Asia and Jawi script became the primary medium for cultural, religious and … Financial market analysis and financial data for major energy companies. In 1818 after the Napoleonic Wars Malacca is restored by the British to the Dutch under the Treaty of Vienna. In 1746 the Sultan of Johore gave the Siak Kingdom to the VOC as a gift. In 1403 the first official Chinese trade envoy lead by Admiral Yin Ching arrived in Malacca followed suite by the legendary Chinese Admiral Zhenghe, arriving in Malacca in 1409 on his first of seven voyages to the Indian Ocean. There are no specific guidelines. Bibliography of Dutch Colonial History 17th-18th century, Arabia and Persian Gulf. In particular, China and Myanmar (Burma) commissioned the Myanmar-China natural gas pipeline in 2013 that stretches from Myanmar's ports in the Bay of Bengal to the Yunnan province of China. Dutch Ceylon, Trincomalee: Bibliography. Uranium fuel, nuclear reactors, generation, spent fuel. Bordered on its northern side by the Malay Peninsula and on the southern side by the island of Sumatra, it was the main connection between the Indian Ocean and the South China Sea. In 1405, Yongle Emperor of Ming Dynasty (r. 1402–1424) sent his envoy headed by Yin Qing to Malacca. One of the most important highways of trade in the pre-modern world was the Strait of Malacca. However, the Bugis were a constant threat to the Dutch. Monthly and yearly energy forecasts, analysis of energy topics, financial analysis, congressional reports. In fact the city’s prosperity was supported by free trade. Some became domiciled in ports such as Melaka [formerly Malacca], the location of one of the earliest local sultanates (c.1402 A.D.) and a focal point for both local and international trade. A good book on Malacca/Dutch history. With a highly strategic state position for international trade routes, Malacca was once a well-known international trade centre in the East. Oil shipments through the Strait of Malacca supply China and Indonesia, two of the world's fastest growing economies. The Strait of Malacca, which flows between Indonesia, Malaysia, and Singapore, connects the Indian Ocean with the Pacific Ocean through the South China Sea. With these agreements the prosperity of Malacca was improved. Photographer. Bibliography of Dutch Colonial History 17th-18th century, America. Rerouting would tie up global shipping capacity, add to shipping costs, and potentially affect energy prices. Unfortunately, however, the Malacca Sultanate would not last, as the newly powerful Portugal conquered the kingdom in 1511 and began a centuries-long period of European domination. The birthplace of the Malay Sultanates and Malaysia’s historic city, Melaka provided the stage on which the Portuguese, Dutch and English played out their roles in shaping the history. Copyright © 1998-2020. Porta De Santiago. Energy use in homes, commercial buildings, manufacturing, and transportation. Although its origin is as much romance as history, the fact is that Parameswara's new city was situated at a point of enormous strategic importance. Comprehensive data summaries, comparisons, analysis, and projections integrated across all energy sources. He was the last ruler of ancient Singapore who was of Malay origin. I research and write about history. Greenhouse gas data, voluntary reporting, electric power plant emissions. Then the site www.borghiditoscana.net dedicated to my region: Tuscany. In 1758 on Pulau Gontong at the mouth of Siak river the Dutch built a fort to control the tin trade, but later in 1765 the fort was abandoned, the good relations between Siak and the VOC no longer needing such a defence facility. The Melaka Sultanate occupies a special position in the history of Malaysia. List of Dutch colonial forts and possessions, Sri Lanka (Ceylon). 159-189. However, the Malacca Sultanate would not last, as the newly powerful Portugal conquered the kingdom in 1511 and began a centuries-long period of European domination. Walk Up to St. Paul's Church and to the Famosa Fort. Reserves, production, prices, employment and productivity, distribution, stocks, imports and exports. Bibliography of Dutch Colonial History 17th-18th century, India. Bibliography of Dutch Colonial History 17th-18th century, Malacca, Thailand, and Philippines. Malacca trade was flourishing, but a new sea power appeared on the scene: the British. Map of the Malay Peninsula. A history of the first settlements 1628-1677, The Castle of Good Hope: A Dutch Fort in South Africa, The Dutch in South Africa, 1652-1795 and 1802-1806, The Dutch Heritage in South Africa: the Afrikaans Language and the Dutch Reformed Church, The Dutch on São Tomé and Principe: the attacks on the island of Principe (1598) and São Tomé (1599), The Dutch on Mauritius 1638-1658, 1664-1710, The Portuguese on the Persian Gulf and on the Arabian Peninsula, The Portuguese in Ceylon: The Portuguese in Sri Lanka before the war with the Dutch, The Jesuit Missions in South America: Jesuits Reductions in Paraguay, Argentina, Brazil, Fort Jesus Mombasa: a Portuguese fortress in Kenya, India. Small boats moored at Port Kelang harbour, Malaysia, on the Strait of Malacca. Fortified with thick walls, … Midway along the straits that linked China to India and the Near East, Malacca was perfectly positioned as a center for maritime trade. The same year agreements were concluded with the peninsular Kingdoms of Nanning, Rembau and Perak. To prevent a British occupation the Dutch attacked Riau and on 29 October 1784 the Bugis were defeated. Kedah provided accommodations, porters, small vessels, bamboo rafts, elephants, as well as tax collections fo… map, Ohio University Center for International Studies, 1995, Athens, Ohio, USA. It is still the oldest functioning Christian church in Malaysia. Lesson plans, science fair experiments, field trips, teacher guide, and career corner. Yin Qing's visit opened the way for the establishment of friendly relations between Malacca and China. During their rule the British demolished the fortress of Malacca. Principal contributors: Lejla Villar, Mason Hamilton, Tags: In 1759 the fort of Linggi was also abandoned. The rise in importance of Malacca in the 16th century and beyond was the result of local elites and their ability to mobilize trading networks and the arrival of enterprising Chinese who became merchants, miners, and general traders. 25,517 Views. To prevent a British occupation the Dutch attacked Riau and on 29 October 1784 the Bugis were defeated. Development of new trading cities Development of new trading cities Trading cities played an important role in the spread of goods on the Silk Road and Indian Ocean trade routes. Nearly one-third of the 61% of total global petroleum and other liquids production that moved on maritime routes in 2015 transited the Strait of Malacca, the second-largest oil trade chokepoint in the world after the Strait of Hormuz. Meaning that any Chinese attempts to alleviate its energy security dilemma will occur in the strategic vicinity of India. Exploration and reserves, storage, imports and exports, production, prices, sales. Posted by: Marco Ramerini Forms EIA uses to collect energy data including descriptions, links to survey instructions, and additional information. From here they controlled the tin trade. Traveler, writer of online tourist guides. Maps, tools, and resources related to energy disruptions and infrastructure. The ruler decided to make this place a permanent settlement and named it ‘Melaka… The British give Bencoolen on Sumatra to the Dutch and Malacca was given to the British. List of Dutch colonial forts and possessions, Asia. Christ Church in … p. 195-241. several maps The history of the fort of Malacca during the Portuguese and Dutch time. The Strait of Malacca is the shortest shipping route between the Far East and the Indian Ocean. The resulting treaty ended Johore’s independence and a Dutch fort was established at Tanjung Pinang (Riau). By the 1660s the trade in Dutch Malacca was in decline and the relations with the Malay states had deteriorated as well. It has been a strategic trading post for the incredibly profitable spice trade for nearly a thousand years, and hotly contested, changing hands many times throughout history. Kedah served as a western port on the Malay Peninsula. In raw terms, passage through the Straits of Malacca amounts to around ... possible that India would not be comfortable with a major Chinese capability located in the area to protect its trade route. By the time of Roman Empire, there were permanent communities of Malayo-Polynesian speaking people on the coast of Malagasy, where they remain to this day. The importance of the Strait of Malacca in global trade networks continued well into later centuries with the rise of the Malacca Sultanate in the 15th century, the Johor Sultanate, and the rise of the modern city-state of Singapore . WIC (West-Indische Compagnie), Australia and the Dutch East India Company (VOC), India. These traders sailed to Kedah via the monsoonwinds between June and November. During the Napoleonic wars the Dutch Governor surrendered Malacca to the British East India Company in August 1795. The VOC was truly dominant in the Straits. Bernard Pierre Wolff/Photo Researchers Perak was the main tin producing kingdom on the whole peninsula and the VOC was interested in controlling its trade. n° 10; Prakash, Om “European commercial expansion in early modern Asia” pp. In order to keep the waterway safe, local authorities under the Malacca sultanate, an independent Muslim state, oversaw and controlled traffic through the strait. At its narrowest point in the Phillips Channel of the Singapore Strait, the Strait of Malacca is only about 1.7 miles wide, creating a natural bottleneck with the potential for collisions, grounding, or oil spills. Where do we go from here ? History. Malacca History Dubbed Malaysia’s unofficial historic capital, Malacca – declared a UNESCO World Heritage site in 2008 – is one of the country’s most unassuming states. 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